ALP slams bushfire buyback exclusions

Jacinta Allan.THE state government’s bushfire land buyback scheme has been criticised for being ”too narrow” because it does not apply to some high-fire-risk areas such as Cockatoo and the Otways that were not hit by bushfires in 2009.
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More than 500 properties destroyed by the 2009 fires are expected to be eligible for the voluntary scheme, for which the government has made available $50 million.

But Labor frontbencher Jacinta Allan slammed the program, saying it exposed as ”a sham” the government’s commitment to implement all 67 recommendations from the Bushfires Royal Commission.

”This Baillieu government scheme is for people affected by the 2009 bushfires only,” she said. ”It has no regard for people who live in high-fire-risk areas in other parts of Victoria and the [ commission] recommendation was to implement this policy in high-fire-risk areas.”

The buyback plan excludes high-fire-risk areas such as Cockatoo, Mount Macedon, and the Otways, devastated in previous bushfires, she said.

Ms Allan said the scheme did not give any detail on what would happen to land acquired under the buyback. ”Who will manage it to keep the fire risk down? If DSE [Department of Sustainability and Environment] is to be responsible, what additional resources will they be given and when?”

Recommendation 46 of the Bushfires Royal Commission final report urged the state to ”implement a retreat and resettlement strategy for existing developments in areas of unacceptably high bushfire risk, including a scheme for non-compulsory acquisition by the state of land in these areas”.

In a discussion of ”high-risk areas” attached to the recommendation, the commission said the government should consider a range of factors including ”giving priority to acquiring land that is in an area of unacceptably high bushfire risk and on which dwellings were damaged or destroyed by the 2009 bushfires”.

When asked yesterday why the buyback did not apply to high-fire-risk areas that did not burn in 2009, Bushfire Response Minister Peter Ryan said: ”When you have regard to the provisions of recommendation 46, this scheme is appropriate.”

Mr Ryan said the rules of the buyback were ”not set in stone” and the $50 million would be increased if needed. He also denied the buyback rules were too stringent, adding that people whose houses were destroyed in 2009 and had since built in a different location could still qualify for the buyback on their burnt property.

Mr Ryan said if acquired land was left vacant it would have a ”minimal” impact on country communities. Acquired land left in public hands would have to be maintained by the DSE to an ”appropriate standard” to minimise bushfire risk, he said.

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More carbon support for dairy farmers: Fonterra

JOHN Doumani, managing director of Fonterra Australia New Zealand says that the unique electricity demands of dairy farmers need to be understood when it comes to carbon pricing and compensation.
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Speaking as the nation faces the introduction of a carbon tax and several related impacts on business, Mr Doumani said that his company is advocating for greater assistance for farmers to help them transition to low carbon technologies.

“The reality is that dairy farmers engage in energy intensive processing, so they should be eligible for funding to help them adapt.

“We have been talking to Government about the special needs of dairy farming and so far, they are very receptive of the message,” he said.

“The biggest likely impact of carbon pricing for dairy farmers will be electricity price increases. Electricity is a major input cost in dairy farming as energy intensive milk processing starts on the farm.

“We expect the Government’s carbon pricing will have a direct impact of about $3,000 per dairy farm per year on average in terms of increased electricity costs. Predicting this, we want to help our farmers identify ways to reduce electricity use on-farm today, in preparation for a carbon-priced tomorrow.”

Mr Doumani said that he and Fonterra as a company accept that a low carbon future is an inevitability – and a challenge that has to be faced.

“But it is also an opportunity to innovate, invest and drive for a more competitive future; with lower costs, improved market access and greater consumer confidence,” he said.

“We have initiated a series of programs to reduce our carbon emissions across our manufacturing operations, and now we are turning our attention to how we can help our farmer suppliers.”

Fonterra said that this week it had launched a guide to provide dairy farmers with practical advice on how to manage the electricity cost increases of carbon pricing.

It covers the key areas of on-farm electricity usage and invites farmers to do a self-assessment of their operations.

Mr Doumani said the guide is just the first piece in an overall program to help Fonterra’s dairy farmer suppliers in Australia prepare for a new low carbon economy.

“We have been engaging with our farmer suppliers here in Australia in conversations around sustainability. What they tell us is that they want to operate a sustainable business and they want to reduce their carbon emissions, especially in light of the additional costs that will be associated with the carbon pricing, but that they don’t know how to do it or fund it.

“What they want is independent advice from someone who really understands dairying to advise them on what technologies to employ. Farmers are telling us that they are wary of the “snake oil salesmen” knocking on their doors offering a whole range of dubious solutions. They are concerned about unproven technologies and capital costs necessary to implement change,” he said.

The guide includes a calculator to help farmers consider their likely electricity bill increases and a self-assessment tool so they can understand how their operation rates against best practice electricity usage.

In addition, practical energy saving advice is provided across seven key areas:

Hot water heating Milk cooling Vacuum pumps Water and effluent pumps Lighting Energy sourcing Cleaning systems Fonterra is also running information sessions for farmers and providing expertise to assist with on-farm assessments.

“We have listened to our farmers’ concerns and now we want to help them make informed decisions for their businesses,” concluded Mr Doumani.

Copies of the Fonterra guide; “What does a carbon price mean for you?” are available by calling the Fonterra Supplier Administration Centre on 1800 266 674.

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Resilient Merinos one step closer

Sheep CRC post-graduate student Gus Rose.BREEDING Merino sheep that can withstand harsh summers across southern Australia without losing weight is a step closer to reality.
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Such sheep could potentially reduce feed costs and the risks of running livestock in areas of high seasonal variability and boost ewe reproductive performance and lamb production.

Sheep Cooperative Research Centre (Sheep CRC) post-graduate student Gus Rose has found that Merino ewes can be bred to lose less weight during summer when there is poor feed and gain more weight during the spring flush.

“This is a step towards breeding sheep that are better adapted to Australian pasture conditions and that will be more tolerant of climate variations in the longer term,” he said.

Mr Rose’s four-year PhD project is investigating the genetic and economic value of sheep resilience to liveweight loss in summer and autumn. He is being supervised by a team of Sheep CRC researchers in Perth, WA, and Armidale, NSW.

The Sheep CRC is a collaboration of industry, government and the commercial sector and aims to increase the productivity and profitability of the industry via new technologies for adoption by both the meat and wool supply chains. It is supporting 31 doctorate and masters students as part of its postgraduate education and research program.

Mr Rose said the problem of sheep weight loss during summer affected most livestock enterprises in Mediterranean environments in Australia and overseas.

He said reducing weight loss without incurring high feed costs, especially for breeding ewes, would be a major plus for livestock producers right around the globe.

“It would also reduce the risks and costs of maintaining sheep in good condition during summer in more marginal areas with inconsistent rainfall,” he said.

“There may also be potential to run more sheep than normal in these areas and increase returns.”

Mr Rose is also working in collaboration with the Netherlands-based Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre at Wageningen University, where researchers are assessing the genetic robustness and fitness of cows.

“The Dutch have developed a good scientific knowledge about animal adaptation and it is a good fit for my research,” he said.

Mr Rose analysed five years of data from a sheep resource flock in Katanning, WA, to discover the heritability of variations in Merino weight loss and gain.

His findings were recently presented to the annual European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP) convention, where he won the prestigious prize for best scientific poster in the genetics category from a field of 100 participants.

This convention targets young scientists from across the global animal science sector and his award earned him the right to chair a session at next year’s event.

Stage two of Mr Rose’s PhD project will investigate the genetic and economic links between sheep resilience to live weight changes and other important production traits, such as wool weight and reproductive performance.

He said this process would include surveying farmers across Australia to identify the main profit-driving traits for Merino enterprises in a wide range of geographic environments.

“Once we know that sheep can be genetically robust and resistant to summer weight loss during times of low feed availability, then we can start to work out the best breeding objectives to target other economically important traits in these flocks,” he said.

Mr Rose said including an economic analysis in his research was vital because it would allow farmers to scenario-plan their most profitable options.

“If we can identify the more resilient sheep to weight loss and gain, we need to know the potential advantages and trade-offs with other breeding traits and what impact these will have on farm business bottom lines,” he said.

“For example, if labour costs are included, resilience to summer weight loss might be highly valuable to farmers because it has potential to reduce labour requirements and potentially free-up more time for other enterprises, such as cropping. This allows the whole farm to operate more efficiently.”

Mr Rose said he hoped his research would help sheep breeders breed animals that better coped with the environment, allowing them to concentrate on other production traits to optimise profits.

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Sydney Kings, Cold Chisel, Elton John, then it’s curtains for Sydney Entertainment Centre

The Kingdome: Home of the Sydney Kings since 1990. Photo: Supplied Sydney Entertainment Centre, circa 1990. Photo: Fairfax Archive
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Champ: Jeff Fenech wins a world championship at the Sydney Entertainment Centre, 7 March 1988. Photo: Fairfax Archives

In their  early negotiations with Sydney Entertainment Centre management, the Sydney Kings were told in no uncertain terms that, despite their offer to book in 14 dates per season, if a big musical act wanted the arena the basketballers would have to make way. After all, the argument went, one Elton John or Bruce Springsteen concert would generate more money than the Kings could all year.

By 1993, within three seasons of Kings owner Mike Wrublewski and coach Bob Turner risking everything by moving their club from the 4000-seat State Sports Centre at Homebush to the 10,000-seat Entertainment Centre in the CBD, seats were being set up in the foyer on game nights for those who couldn’t get a ticket.

“Elton John came for an eight-date tour and they had him play for five nights,” Turner recalls. “Then they bumped him out for the Saturday night, put down a basketball court, kept all the rigging on the ceiling and so on, we played and then they had him back on the Sunday, Monday and Tuesday. It was a complete reversal.”

Turner says he and Wrublewski were branded as crazy by those who felt basketball could never fill a facility built for big concerts and shows. Yet, the Kings averaged 8000 per game in their first season there and sold out all but one match in their second.

“The secret was that a lot of the crowd weren’t basketball people,” Turner says. “We promoted the venue as being easy to get to, you could have dinner first, maybe at Chinatown, come to the basketball and then maybe go to a bar afterwards. It was a great night out.

“We promoted it like Madison Square Garden. It had a great atmosphere and it gave the sport so much more credibility. The corporates came, sponsors, and by the time I left in 1995 we were making a million dollars a year in profit.”

Much water has gone under the bridge for the Kings since those days, a lot of it murky. But there is no denying the integral role the Sydney Entertainment Centre – or the Kingdome, as fans referred to it – played in their story.

On Sunday the curtain will come down on the Kings’ quarter-century association with the arena when they play the Perth Wildcats in a double header with the Sydney Uni Flames WNBL side. From Tuesday Cold Chisel, who played their famous Last Stand gigs there just months after it opened in 1983, will play three shows and John Farnham one, before, perhaps fittingly, Elton John performs on Saturday. Assets will then be cleared out and the keys handed to construction company Lend Lease on New Year’s Eve. Hoarding will be erected, demolition will start in late January and continue for three months.

Kingdome: Home of the Sydney Kings since 1990. Photo: Sahlan Hayes

Its replacement will be a new entertainment facility, featuring three theatres, of 9000, 2500 and 1000 capacity, respectively, situated closer to the new convention and exhibition centre, and linked by walkway. The structure will feature state-of-the-art technology for a new era, but it will take a long time before it can begin to match the legacy its predecessor forged over the past 32 years.

“I’ve got mixed emotions,” says general manager Steve Hevern, who began his association with the venue as a maintenance electrician the year the Kings moved there.

“It’s been a pioneer for the music industry and the indoor sport industry. Just this year alone we’ve done professional bull riding, the Sydney darts championships, the Harlem Globetrotters… It’s so diverse. I remember we did the sumo wrestling back in the ’90s. In my first year, we won the netball world championships here with that shot in the last second. It was awesome. Jeff Fenech, Kostya Tszyu, Anthony Mundine … it’s been an honour to work here.

“It will be missed, and rightly so. So many people have had good experiences in this place. It’s formed a place in history in both sport and live music and it’s done a great job serving the city.”

Inside the auditorium. 16 May 1983. Photo: Fairfax Archive

MUCH of the Sydney Entertainment Centre’s lifespan mirrored Australia’s coming of age. In 1983 and ’84, the nation was on a high. The charismatic Bob Hawke had become prime minister, Australian actors, musicians and artists were making a mark internationally and Paul Hogan was throwing shrimp on the barbie. The America’s Cup win and the Wallabies’ rugby union grand slam was a shot of sporting confidence and pride. There was business success, openness and optimism and the country’s biggest city needed top-class facilities to welcome the world.

Few athletes of the era could better epitomise the concept of national awakening than boxer Jeff Fenech, who fought two of his most important bouts at the Entertainment Centre. Not long after Australia II had gone on display at the venue, Fenech defended his IBF World Bantamweight title in a 15-round unanimous decision against Jerome Coffee. A year later, in 1986, Fenech – who many felt had been robbed of a medal at the 1984 Olympics – beat the gold medallist, Steve McCrory, in a 14th-round TKO.

“I’ll never forget walking out to the roar, the atmosphere was great,” Fenech says. “It was one of those venues where every seat in the house was great. It was just amazing, I loved it.

“While you’re fighting you try not to listen but there were times in the McCrory fight when I was hurt a little, had an injury, and you could hear the crowd every time I threw a punch that landed, they were behind me and lifted me.

“I remember seeing Kerry Packer, Paul Hogan, the great rugby league players, Ron Coote, George Piggins, all those guys in the front row, watching this little kid from Marrickville, which made it even more special. I’d see some amazing people who I admired, people I only dreamt I could be as good as.”

Fenech has memories of his fight against Coffee in late 1985 outgrossing Bruce Springsteen at the box office.

“It was a pretty big deal for me, all the hype. It’s a pretty special place for me,” he says. “My daughters never saw me fight, but whenever I go past there I always point out ‘Dad filled that place up’.”

The year after Fenech filled the place for his fight with McCrory, Turner put on the venue’s first game of basketball when he somehow organised for the Soviet Union team to tour. He also convinced the owner of Perth Entertainment Centre, Kerry Stokes, to buy a portable court floor and fly it over to Sydney after the opening game in Perth.

“No one had played basketball there before and what we didn’t realise was that, at the time, there was an orchestra pit at one end that had boards over the top of it,” Turner says.

“We put the court down but the weight of the court and the baskets sunk the whole thing down straight into the orchestra pit. There was all sorts of messing around to prop it up so we could play the game.”

The tour was another gamble by the young entrepreneur and, although the dressing rooms were made for entertainers, not basketballers – for instance, the showers weren’t built for seven footers – the success of the building as a sporting venue was one of the key ingredients to making the venture work.

“I’ll never forget walking in just after the doors opened and there were two people sitting in the top row right at the end. I said to myself ‘That’s the only ticket they could buy’. It was a great feeling because we knew it was the first sold-out sports match at the venue. It was a great moment.

“We brought the Soviets back the next year and I knew Mike Wrublewski, who had started the Sydney Kings in 1988, was starting to really think about basing the Kings there. That tour opened a lot of people’s minds to what the game could become and how the Entertainment Centre could be used.”

Turner was there for the first basketball game and he’ll be at the last. No doubt throughout the night many memories will flood through his and other spectators’ minds.

“Back when mobile phones were the size of a stereo, I remember we were getting ready to play the first Kings game at the Entertainment Centre,” Turner says. “We were having a shoot around early on game day and a reporter called to ask what it was like.

“I said ‘What’s it like? I’m standing here in the middle of the Sydney Entertainment Centre, shooting baskets and our team’s going to play here tonight. It’s amazing’.”

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L’ennui of France’s regional voters boosting the far right

National Front eyes big gains in French regional electionsFar-right girl wonder takes National Front to new heights
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Lyon: This city is the second-largest in the country. As Christmas approaches, the streets are only half as full as they should be. The Lights Festival, during which people cover the city with candles, has been cancelled. All out of fear of a terrorist attack.

But this is not what makes people vote for the far right.

“It’s been going on for years”, says a local, “each time more people vote for Le Pen out of disappointment – they say ‘we tried both left and right, so now we should try Front National’.”

The far-right National Front (FN), led first by Jean-Marie Le Pen, and since 2011 by his daughter, Marine Le Pen, has been slowly growing for decades yet it has never managed to seriously challenge France’s over-centralised institutions. In first round regional elections earlier this month, the National Front won six regions from 13, with the party’s highest vote ever at 28 per cent. The second round of voting on Sunday could see the party increase its vote even further.

“I voted for Hollande against Sarkozy”, says another Lyon resident, “now I want to vote against Hollande but still not for Sarkozy, so who’s left?”

Both Socialist French President Francois Hollande and his predecessor, the conservative Nicolas Sarkozy, were granted a five-year term with almost absolute power. There are no mid-term elections in France. The regional vote is the only opportunity French people get to voice their discontent, even if it has nothing to do with local politics.

In 2010, Mr Sarkozy saw every region but one falling into the hands of his Socialist opponents. This year, it is the turn of the left to feel a landslide against them.

But why should presidents care? No one in France has been able to exactly tell me what regions are about. They purportedly manage roads and high schools – but they cannot plan a new highway or change the educational program; they merely take care of maintenance.

Even if one of the Le Pen women – Marine and her niece Marion – managed to take over a region, it would give them very little power. “In any other country,” says an entrepreneur from Lyon, Marc, “such a high vote for the far right would have resulted in a sizeable portion of MPs, or a strong local far-right fiefdom, forcing moderate parties to act. But in France, centralism and presidentialism allows them not to care, so the Front National still grows.”

After his 2010 defeat, Mr Sarkozy declared he would not be making any changes to his policies. Both Mr Hollande and Mr Sarkozy  have gone through their presidencies with the same disregard for reality checks. They and their parties can cynically bet that even if the FN made it to the second round of a presidential poll, there would still be a majority of voters against them.

This certainty has allowed the French political class to fossilise inside its ivory tower, which in turn only feeds the FN’s anti-establishment platform. A teacher from Brittany, Loic Pasco, told me: “Sarkozy was already a major cabinet member in the mid-’90s, when Obama was an obscure lawyer. Our major leftist politicians were already ministers before the end of the USSR. Only in a cheesy movie would you imagine Gorbachev, John Major and Bill Clinton succeeding Putin, Cameron and Obama, but in France it is just normal.”

In 2002, the first round of the presidential election saw a majority of votes for the many leftist candidates. But because only the two biggest scores make it to the run-off vote, the second round pitted the conservative Jacques Chirac against FN leader Jean-Marie Le Pen, Marine Le Pen’s father and predecessor. Two weeks later, Mr Chirac was elected – mostly by people who had voted against him in the first round.

And still, with such a tenuous mandate, he was given the keys to the country for the next five years.

The French system of supreme presidential power was originally tempered by a shorter mandate for the parliament. Since 2002, however, the parliament is elected one month after the president and for the same duration, guaranteeing its docility for the whole presidency amd making the French republic a fixed-term tyranny.

“You don’t understand”, a student in Paris tells me. “We have an American-style presidential system”.

I remind her that the White House has to cope with a mid-term Congressional election, and that the loss of a state governorship would be seen as a massive blow.

Everyone in France hates Paris. The foreign vision of their capital as a romantic city would seem completely weird to many French people, who see the city as an overpriced, overpopulated, polluted and globalised hellhole. In southern France, the word “Parisian” is the worst insult you can utter.

In the south, I meet a couple made up of one local and one Parisian.

“They are insufferable”, says the southerner, Octave, “foreigners hate French people because they see Paris first.”

His Parisian boyfriend, Jean-Paul, answers: “People here [in the south] are just loud and don’t do anything! It’s no surprise that [the south] has the highest rate of far-rightists in the country.”

This election is the first after regions were merged to reduce their number from 22 to 13 – a process undertaken without any local debate, except over what kind of hyphenated name the new regions should wear.

Another Lyon resident complains: “Why can’t we decide our own local borders ourselves?” He does not even know the name of his regional candidates.

The only local power that bears significance to French people are city councils. In a small town bordering Normandy, a radical-left majority has maintained itself in the city hall for decades, even though its townspeople vote very differently in other elections: last weekend, the FN topped the ballot there.

“City councils are very close to people”, says a young city councillor, Denis Boure, “but the government wants to deprive us of most of our powers to give them to a new structure that would gather several towns.”

This reform of city councils will again be decided by Paris, with no input from the cities themselves. “As if this country needed more centralism! They do not realise how far they are from people – it is no surprise that [Marine] Le Pen is so successful.”

But the real challenge will be the presidential race next year. “What if this time the second round sees Le Pen opposed to a leftist candidate?” I hear in Lyon. “What if rightist voters vote for her anyway?”

It would take that much of a ruction to break the hold of France’s centralist trance.

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GST rise would add $900m to the cost of Christmas: Labor

Dampener: Christmas shopping will lose some of its pleasure next year if the GST is raised. Photo: Glenn Hunt Opposition Leader Bill Shorten visits the Sydney Markets to discuss the GST, on Friday. Photo: Alex Ellinghausen
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You’d better watch out: Christmas could cost Australians an extra $900 million if the Turnbull government jacks up the GST.

The average Australian would be charged about $56 more – regardless of whether they’ve been naughty or nice – for festive season spending on gifts, travel, food and Boxing Day sales if the government brings in a broadened 15 per cent GST.

Labor has made the calculations based on Commonwealth Bank festive spending analysis from last year, which estimated Australians spent close to $1100 each on Christmas-related things  each between December 1 and early January.

Consumers in NSW spend the most on Christmas, dropping about $1340 extra – meaning they would be whacked about $70 in added GST.

Consumers in Victoria were roughly in line with the national average.

Overall, Australians spent an estimated $18 billion on Christmas last season – $7.5 billion in NSW and $4.4 billion in Victoria. Gifts accounted for more than $7 billion of the national total.

Labor has also applied a GST increase on a modest family lunch, predicting a $30 jump in costs.

A lunch that includes a leg of lamb, some turkey and prawns, coleslaw, salad, pudding and custard – along with a slab of VB, a couple of bottles of wine and some soft drink – would go from $266 to $297 based on the prices contained in a recent Coles catalogue.

Opposition Leader Bill Shorten said a GST increase would make it much harder for Australians already struggling to make ends meet to bring some Christmas cheer to their families.

“It means higher costs of gifts for loved ones and travel to see friends and family. And 15 per cent more on the cost of ham, pudding and the turkey with all the trimmings,” he said.

“Australians shouldn’t have to sit at Christmas lunch this year worrying about how much more expensive next year’s Christmas will be because of a government full of GST Grinches.”

A GST increase is still on the table after Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and Treasurer Scott Morrison met their state and territory counterparts for COAG talks on Friday.

The government maintains people would be compensated for any rise in the GST, possibly through income tax cuts. But it insists it hasn’t made any tax reform decisions.

The Parliamentary Budget Office released modelling last week showing the government could raise between $4.8 billion and $49.3 billion in extra revenue a year depending on which GST scenario it decided to pursue.

But recent Labor polling has again highlighted the difficulty of selling a GST increase to the public.

It found 48 per cent of voters thought they would be much worse off or somewhat worse off with a GST rise, even if it was coupled with income tax cuts. Just 15 per cent of people thought they would be better off.

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Why The Dressmaker’s Jocelyn Moorhouse took 18 years to make a movie

Film director Jocelyn Moorhouse’s The Dressmaker is getting rave reviews. Photo: Pat Scala Judy Davis, Sarah Snook and Kate Winslet in The Dressmaker.
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Jocelyn Moorhouse: ”I never stopped wanting to make movies.” Photo: Pat Scala

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It’s been 18 years since Jocelyn Moorhouse directed a movie, and 24 since she burst onto the scene with her first feature, Proof, but The Dressmaker has quickly proved to be the sort of comeback most people can only dream of.

In seven weeks, Australians have bought almost $17 million of tickets to see The Dressmaker. It has enjoyed rave reviews and great word of mouth. And it won four of the 12 awards for which it was nominated at Australia’s Oscars, the AACTAs – plus the People’s Choice Award. .

With all that, Jocelyn Moorhouse could be excused a little George Costanza moment – a fist-pumping “I’m back, baby, I’m back”. But that’s not her way. Rather, as we sit down to lunch at what used to be Gill’s Diner but is now Trattoria Emilia (in honour of the gorgeous food of the Emilia Romagna region of Italy), she comes across as bashful, a little surprised and, above all, grateful.

“This has been really healing for me,” Moorhouse, 55, says. “People seemed to be really happy that I was directing a movie again; they said this to me every day. I felt very loved. Now that I’ve had an incredibly beautiful experience, I think I could handle making movies anywhere.”

Moorhouse lives in Sydney with her husband PJ Hogan, director of Muriel’s Wedding, and their children (they have four). She has made movies in Melbourne – where she was born and raised – and Los Angeles, where she was taken under Steven Spielberg’s wing after he saw Proof. There she directed How to Make an American Quilt (1995), and was embraced by its cast of “grand divas”, including Anne Bancroft and Ellen Burstyn. “The grandest of them all was [the poet] Maya Angelou,” she says. “Very tall, very formidable, an intellectual giant – and here I am getting her to vacuum!”

She was teased constantly by these grand women, “but I felt very encouraged and very loved. It really was a Hollywood dream. Every mountaineer dreams of Everest, and for me that was Everest. I was terrified but I was thrilled.”

Her second Hollywood movie, A Thousand Acres, was more of a challenge, with the tyro director trying to marshal the combined star power and demands of her leads, Jessica Lange and Michelle Pfeiffer. “They were amazing, scary women,” she says. “I think the two of them were very much in character most of the time – intense, angry sisters.”

When they went to Hollywood, Moorhouse and Hogan had one child; he is now studying filmmaking and well on his way to joining what she calls “the family business”. On Quilt, Anne Bancroft took her aside and offered some motherly advice. “She said to me, ‘Don’t stop at one child. I stopped at one and I felt he was lonely. So have another child Jocelyn’. So I thought, ‘I must do what Anne Bancroft says’. I’m very obedient. And that’s how Lily came to be.”

Aged 2, Lily was diagnosed with autism. “I just didn’t believe it at first,” says Moorhouse, who had suspected her daughter’s lack of speech was due to deafness. “It was so shocking I tried to think of anything else she might have. I thought it’s my fault because I’m not a traditional mother, so I bought her all these pots and pans, kitchen sets, but she didn’t want to play with any of them.”

The therapist told Moorhouse she was the only person her daughter would respond to, and if she wanted to help her she would have to give up work.

“I said, ‘Fine, I’m prepared to do that’. And she said, ‘No, I mean for a very long time’.”

And that’s when Jocelyn Moorhouse’s Hollywood dream came to an end.

What followed at times felt more like a nightmare; Moorhouse cheerfully admits that the small country town to which Kate Winslet’s Tilly Dunnage returns in The Dressmaker is for her a stand-in for LA, where she spent 15 years.

Hugo Weaving and Kate Winslet in The Dressmaker.

“I can’t go there without remembering the pain,” she says. “I associate it with my darkest times. The streets are haunted for me – you’d think by film experiences, but they’re nothing compared with cold-hearted neurologists. Until I found the help I needed, it was a very isolating place.”

Moorhouse and Hogan did find help for Lily, but it was all-consuming – six hours of therapy, six days a week. Though Hogan was working and doing well – Muriel’s Wedding (on which Moorhouse was a producer and second unit director) was followed by My Best Friend’s Wedding and Peter Pan – everything they earned was gobbled up by Lily’s therapy.

“People think we must be loaded but we’re not,” she says, and there’s mirth rather than resentment in her voice. “But it was worth it because our children are so much better than they would have been without the intervention.”

That’s right. She said children. Their third child, Jack, also has autism.

When that diagnosis came, it was too much. “I went into a deep depression,” Moorhouse says. “I couldn’t get out of bed, I was crying. It was the loss of hope. It’s a horrible, horrible feeling.”

PJ saw the warning signs and got her to a doctor; she was prescribed anti-depressants, which “reset my brain again”, and she saw a counsellor who helped her find a way out of the darkness. “He said, ‘This is a major life trauma for you. Yes, you have reason to be sad but you don’t need to let it destroy and defeat you’.”

They took a less-intensive approach to Jack’s therapy because, she says, “we couldn’t as a family go through it again, being a lab for five years”.

Moorhouse talks about all this with the same mix of high drama and dark comedy that infuses her movies (and, it must be said, those of her husband). But there’s a coda that takes things into a realm some might consider just plain insane: despite the fact they had produced two children with severe autism, they went there again.

“Yeah, well that was a happy accident,” she explains of child No. 4, Maddy. “When we found out at the grand age of 45 – when I thought I was starting menopause but I wasn’t, I was actually pregnant, which shocked the hell out of both of us – we saw it as a gift.

“Yes, we were terrified but by that point, we loved our two autistic kids so much we thought, ‘Eh, if we get another one, we know what to do’.”

As it turns out, Maddy wasn’t born with autism.

“What if we’d said no, let’s not do it? She’s been the greatest gift to our family. She’s one of the most loving kids you could ever meet and she loves all her siblings, but especially her special ones.”

By this stage of the conversation we’ve picked our way through half a dozen dishes served as part of a shared antipasto platter (all very good, but the grilled polenta with gorgonzola is the standout) and are about to set about the mains – a wonderfully light lasagne with asparagus, speck and scamorza cheese for her (a dish I’ve eaten and loved here before) and a cheese and spinach ravioli topped with duck ragu for me (unbelievably rich, utterly delicious).

Between mouthfuls I ask her if she’s ever been tempted to mine this material for her work.

The lasagne with asparagus, speck and scamorza cheese at Emilia Romagna.

“I have actually,” she says. “I tried to write a script a few years ago but the children were too young. I didn’t know how it was going to end. I still don’t know how it’s going to end – but I know they won’t be cured, and I’ve come to terms with that.

“I realised I had to change,” she continues. “My expectation of them was unfair. It’s better not to have real expectations of any child. Just watch them grow and guide them. I want them to be happy, safe, not to be lonely, to be loved and to feel like they belong somewhere. As long as I can do my best to create that sort of world for them when I’m not here to protect them any more – that’s my goal.”

She is thinking about writing a book about all this, a guide for parents of autistic children. “I didn’t have that when I was starting out, and I felt very isolated and terrified. It would have been nice to read a book that said, ‘There is hope, it’s going to be OK, it gets better’. All I was reading was, ‘It’s so hard’ – which it is – and ‘I nearly killed myself’.”

In truth, even in the darkest years Jocelyn Moorhouse was never quite as far from our screens as it seemed. She and Hogan collaborated – “We do everything together”, she says – and he directed a movie she had written for herself, Unconditional Love (it starred Kathy Bates and Rupert Everett, it had a dwarf, a gay pop star and a serial killer and was, she says, just too much for the distributor, which sent it straight to DVD). In 2005, she came within a whisker of filming an adaptation of Murray Bail’s Eucalyptus; the collapse of that project – and the role of her former good friend Russell Crowe in it – is a topic still a little too raw to dwell on.

Throughout the fallow years, she says, “I never stopped wanting to make movies”. She did, however, wonder if she would ever get the chance. Did you ever lose your nerve?

“No, I always knew I could direct,” she says. “I was losing hope.”

The call from producer Sue Maslin offering her The Dressmaker – because she remembered and loved Proof – still seems “slightly miraculous”, Moorhouse says, but now she’s back she is bursting with ideas for what comes next.

Moorhouse, left, with producer Sue Maslin.

First up is a romantic triangle featuring the 19th-century composers Clara Schumann, her husband Robert Schumann and their mutual love interest Johannes Brahms. “I do like the idea of unusual relationships,” she says, “and I do like triangles”.

She’s also open to the idea of trying to resuscitate Eucalyptus, though Bail is more interested in her looking at his latest book. She’s fascinated with the idea of bringing a fresh eye to the period of early white settlement, too.

Like PJ, she is drawn to stories of outsiders, because “that’s the story of our lives – trying to find acceptance for outsiders”.

Above all, she says, “I’m really drawn to the kind of storytelling that shows life can be hilarious and dark and incredibly sad all at the same time.”

Judging by Australia’s response to The Dressmaker, the feeling is mutual. Welcome home, Jocelyn Moorhouse. We’re so glad you could make it.

Karl Quinn is on Facebook and on twitter @karlkwin

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MLC: Parents at principal’s former school speak out

MLC School at Burwood. The school has lost four heads of its junior, middle and senior schools in the past two years, and this week a further 30 staff left the school. Photo: Dallas KilponenMLC: private Sydney girls school in turmoilMLC: School council working on stability
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Parents of students at a former school run by MLC principal Denice Scala​ have told Fairfax Media they had concerns over her management style in the late 2000s.

Ms Scala, who has faced an ongoing campaign against her leadership following allegations of questionable workplace practices, low morale, and teachers being forced to leave, was formerly the principal of the St Andrew’s School in Adelaide and the head of St Catherine’s junior school in Sydney’s eastern suburbs.

This year 30 staff left the 129-year-old school in Sydney’s inner west. In the last two years it has lost four heads of its middle, junior and senior schools and key members of its world-renowned music department.

A parent at St Andrew’s School said the situation was “absolutely identical,” to what occurred at the school in Walkerville, one of Adelaide’s most affluent suburbs, after Ms Scala joined the school in 2007.

“It was really frightening,” said Vicki Moore, who had three children at the school. “It started with the music department and then moved through. We had the most beautiful school, within a year 30 families had left.”

Another former parent at the school, Judith Lukas, said the 160-year-old school moved rapidly from a family-friendly environment to a corporate workplace, as key services such as after-school care were outsourced and fees rose by 20 per cent in one year.

“The lack of consultation was disturbing,” she said. “There was a fair amount of evidence early on that Denice had very strong ideas. If you weren’t going with her you were gone.”

The Adelaide school, established in 1850, charges primary school students up to $19,000 a year.

Before her tenure at St Andrew’s, Ms Scala was the head of the junior school at St Catherine’s for more than a decade.

St Catherine’s headmistress Julie Townsend said she could not comment on past events.

“We’ve got a united junior and senior school and a very committed staff, that’s all I can say.”

Ms Scala has denied Fairfax Media’s repeated requests for comment.

Paul Stanhope, the former director of composition at MLC, told Fairfax Media in 2013 that the school had gone from a place of innovation to a feeling of suspicion and micro-management.

“It takes 20 years to build up a [music] department like that and it takes less than a year to completely destroy it.”

On Thursday, Bob Connolly, a former parent at the Uniting Church school and the director of Mrs Carey’s Concert, a documentary about the school’s music program, told Fairfax Media he had raised concerns about the direction of the school with the board two years ago.

“Citing documented examples of questionable workplace practices, low morale and excellent teachers being forced to leave, we warned Ms [Pauline] Johnston [the chairwoman of the school council] that unless something was done, the situation would eventually blow up in her face.”

“Judging by the teacher exodus that has so many parents now tearing their hair, and by the ferociously critical comments by parents and former students now appearing on various education websites, it’s beginning to seem as though our warnings have come to fruition.”

Former MLC teacher James Humberstone, who now lectures at the Sydney Conservatorium of Music, said that the process of airing complaints to the school council was flawed.

“They wouldn’t let any staff speak to the school council without the principal being present.”

Fairfax Media has seen documents showing teachers’ complaints to the school council have to be passed on to the principal under school protocols.

Internal documents show the school maintained that this was in the interests of natural justice.

The Uniting Church has been at pains to distance itself from the controversy at the school despite two of its chaplains leaving this year. On social media parents have called on the synod to intervene.

“The Uniting Church remains confident that MLC School [is] continuing to practise Uniting Church values and ethos, and offer strong pastoral support for students in their care,” a spokeswoman said.

On Thursday the MLC school council emailed parents stating that they were aware of concerns within the community and were working on stability.

“The recent turnover has certainly been higher than the principal and the council would have liked, and we see it as an important priority that it quickly returns to more normal levels,” the statement said.

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Meredith Music FestivalPhotos

Meredith Music Festival | Photos Big Daddy Kane ends his set at the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.
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Julian Richie during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Sai Stanton-Lawrence, 6, and Koji Stanton-Lawrence, 8, during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Caitlin Walker, Madison Walker, Rhys Doyle and Sandy Kirkman during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Raph Korman prepares some gyoza during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Crowds begin to gather for the first set in the Meredith Lineup, “Power”

Jess Patto, Ross McPherson, Tom Finch, Kylie Reeves and Nicole Warner during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Bridget O’Sullivan, Sarah Penman, Sebastian Hammond and Sachiko Robinson during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Gaz Gerard, Celeste Buckley, Romy Lawson, Casey Fisher and Fergus Lawson during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Friends pile in on one of the more colourful couches during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Crowds begin to gather as clouds clear for the first set in the Meredith Lineup, “Power”.

Sandy Brentnall and Sarah Robins during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Alex Giersz, William Mortimer and Alistair Blair during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Sara Casey, Don Corleone and Adam Jackson during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Ben Mackie, Leo Scace and Alice Mackenzie during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Viviane Serra, Taylor Ogden, Joelle Bronson, Jake Nichols, Jun Miyagi and Leah McPherson during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Donna Bucklow and Groopie the catapillar during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

The view looking out on to the main stage on the Meredith Eye during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Nic Stephens, Niel Mulligan, Kelsea Rau and Julian Richie during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

A sea of tents at the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

John Steele, Jesse Setaro, Nathan Dorman and Marcus Stove during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

The view looking out over the main stage from the Meredith Eye during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

The Meredith Eye during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Bec Lane, Parker Rettke, Thomas McBean and Megan Tainsh during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

A sunflower at the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Stephen Callaghan, Colette Leber, and Alex Buchmann during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Sammie Molnar, Issy Jooste, Lauren Mitchell and Taylor Martin during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Crowds at sunset during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Crowds during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Hannah Smchilson, Lucy Bonks, Stacey Nicoll, Daniel Menzies and Mat McCubbin during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Brendan and friends during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Crowds during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Decorations at the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Christian Abbey and Brodie Stagg during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Tom Patterson, Jonno Hill and Sofia Omstedt during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Max Pollard, Tom Pollard and Joanna Cullen during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Jessie Gordon during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Annie Balzer and Sally Kerr during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

The front row for Big Daddy Kane during the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

The 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

The Meredith Eye by night at the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

The 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

the front row during Big Daddy Kane at the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

The 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Fairy lights at the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

The gift Shoppe by night at the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Night at the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

A couple enjoy the show at the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

Night at the 25th Meredith Music Festival, 2015.

TweetFacebook Pictures from the 25th annual Meredith Music Festival.The Courier

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Troopers assembling as The Force awakens

GLENFredericks watched everysingle trailer and teaser for the forthcoming Star Wars: The Force Awakens, but has had to stop.
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“A new Chinese trailer came out and I’ve decided not to watch it because I can’t handle the excitement I’d feel if I saw another 10 seconds,” Mr Fredericks said.

“I’m a bit nervous, very excited but I’m also trying not to think about it too much because it just distracts me.”

That’s easier said than done, considering Mr Fredericks and his wife Joanne runThe Empire Coffee Co., a Star Wars inspired cafe just a few steps away from TowerCinemas in Newcastle.

His lifelong passion began as a six-year-old in 1977,when the firstfilm was released.

EXCITED: Stormtrooper Glen Fredericks is counting down until the release of the latest Star Wars movie next week. Picture: Phil Hearne.

Mr Fredericks, a father of four,is nowa member of the 501stLegion, a group of enthusiasts who build their own costume replicas and donate their time and raise funds for charities.

“We’re bad guys doing good,” he said.“People dress up as Luke Skywalker or Han Solo but can’t change their face. When you’re a Stormtrooper or Darth Vader,kids come up and ask,‘Are you real?”

Mr Fredericks and a group of about 15 will wear their costumes to Reading Cinema in Maitland ahead of its sold out 12.01am Thursday screening.

Complex manager Yvette Cavanagh said another 150 tickets had been sold to the12.10am screening.

Star Wars will be the only film showing in two of the complex’s four theatresfor the week after its release. About 500 tickets have already been sold to the eight sessions that will screen each day.“It’s multi-generational and much anticipated,” Ms Cavanagh said.“You’ve got your hard-core Star Wars fans,but then you’ve also got the general populationwho have grown up with it, know the story and want to see how this one will turn out.”

The fervor is reaching fever pitch across the wholeregion, requiring cinemas to devote up to two thirds of theirtheatres to showing back to back screenings.

Event Cinemas at Glendale has sold about1300 tickets to its eight midnight screenings.Tower Cinemas at Newcastle,Reading at Charlestown,Hoyts Charlestown, Scottys at Raymond Terrace, Nelson Bay Cinema andMajestic Cinemas Singletonare also hosting midnight screenings.

Mr Frederickssaid he waslikely to watch the film again and again.“When you turn the clock back to 1977, it was groundbreaking, we’d never seen anything like that before,” he said.“But at the same time it felt like it had a lot of heart and soul in it.

“The prequels used too much computer imagery, but this one seems to be not as precise, it has a human sloppiness that is going to make it feel even more real.”

Newcastle Herald

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Life renewed after horror

Life anew: Apolina Kakonga with her daughters Eliza ,8, and Honorina ,10, and Yves Nkoranyi. Pictures: ELENOR TEDENBORG
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Yves Nkoranyi and Apolina Kakonga have endured heroic journeys to escape the horrors of war. In the first of a two-part series, they tell their ultimate story of hope to reporter Nigel McNay.It was his final, liberating flight from death, chanced to him like a feather plucked from a barren sky.

Nine years in a Kenyan refugee camp.One of 70,000 people trapped by a suffocating squalor and hopelessness, starving though somehow still alive.

And then there wasthe lingering terror of raids by bandits.Refugees had money, or so the local people outside the camp’s perimeter thought.These opportunistic thugs would enter the camp’s plastic tents in the dark, nonchalantly shooting people dead if they could not find something, anything, of value.

Yves Nkoranyi always had hope.It wasn’t yanked away by his parents’ assassination when he was 14, nor by witnessing the rape and murder of his sister.It was a kernel of truth deep inside him, like a small, smooth stone he could reach in and grasp and from which he could somehow draw life. He had faith he would pull himself free of the quagmire of barbarity.

Carer: Yves Nkoranyi with Kalianna clients Christopher Taylor and Maddie McInnes. Yves’ future, he says, is all about doing what he can to help others in his new, cherished community.

And he had a resolute faith in God that he would be spared, despite living in a world choking on raging contradictions over the sanctity of life.

The horror that struck – six of Yves’ family of 11 were killed – was spat out by politics and tribalism in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.In area alone it is Africa’s fourth-largest country, rich in natural resources, but wracked by a civil war of two decades that has extinguished the lives of millions. Up tonine nations have becomeentwined in its indecipherable web.

The teenage Yves fled. “I started running.”Through the forest, day and night, no shoes and no idea of where he was heading. Fear drove him on, the relentlessness of it all causing his legs to hideously swell.Piles of putrefying bodies, sometimes 20 or 30 at a time, would come into sight on the road ahead as they tried to reach the relative safety of a police compound.

“You say, ‘OK, rest in peace’,” Yves says, crossing himself. “There is flies, it’s smelling. You can’t do anything.We have to cover the kids’ faces at the time.And we didn’t know where we are heading to.”

It should have been a 300 kilometre journey.Avoiding “the guns, the bombs” meant it stretched for an eternity more, the flight of a crow devoid of its anatomical compass.

But because he had lost contact with his brother’s family, he then moved on to the enormous Kakuma refugee camp in north-west Kenya. The thought was his brother might re-appear. Yves is now 31. For the past six years he has lived in Wodonga, working as a disability support worker with Albury’s Kalianna Enterprises.

He has also become a man of learning, recently meeting Charles Sturt University’s requirements for a bachelor’s degree in social science.It’s one of several qualifications he has racked up, despite his ongoing struggle with English.

His now-life quest stemmed from the time in 1999 when war was raging in Uganda.People were turning up with terrible injuries and because there was no nurse, he and others helped clean their wounds.

“When I got here (to Wodonga) I thought, ‘OK, let’s make it my career to help people’.And since I’ve been here I’ve just been studying.”

Yves is married to Edwidge – she too was in Kakuma, though romance bloomed much later – and they have had three children, aged 2, 4 and 6. Yves also has an older boy, now16.The terrible, all-pervading fear has gone.He is a relaxed, cheerful man.But that fear had gripped him so tightly, for so long, it once made him reluctant to share his story.

“Sometimes it’s very hard. I feel myself not comfortable, it’s very emotional,” he says.

It returns him though to the moment that set off that seemingly impossible desire to dodge an anonymous death in the camp.He raises his left hand, drawing his thumb and forefinger to about two inches apart.

With a quick twist he outlines a dirty, messy scrap of paper that by some miraculous opportunity he sighted. That brightly coloured feather floating in the drab mass of numbed misery.

Someone was sharing a contact from Australia. It was what Yveshad never given up on finding. An age passed before he saw it again. “It was a long process for that person to give me that address.”

But he did. And so Yves wrote, telling his story to a person “I don’t know”. Six more hungry months passed, then he got a reply from the Sanctuary Australia Foundation. The Coffs Harbour-based organisation helps re-settle government-approved humanitarian entrant refugees. And that includes people such as Yves from war zones around the world .

“When I went for the interview (with the Immigration Department) official, I feel like I’m leaving the camp,” he says. “I’m going to Australia. I’m starting a new life. I’m just now going to get a better life.”

Hope: Apolina Kakonga is full of joy for her children’s new future on the Border.

A mother’s dreamHE was killed in the never-relenting bloodshed. A husband lost, making for an albeit-remote opportunity lost forever.

It left her to raise several children alone, an impenetrable mess should she stay in the Congo. Her first home.But Apolina Kakonga does notwant to dwell on that, unable or perhaps just unwilling to sort through scant fond memories from before the madness struck.

“Sometimes I tried to forget, but it’s hard to forget something that has happened to you in your life,” she says.Apolina wants to tell a different story anyway. How she survived six years as a widowed mother in a Ugandan refugee camp.

Like Yves, she is multilingual. He speaks seven languages and is quick, with a laugh, to say his English “is No.8”. It’s not so bad though that it hampers his translating for Apolina, who has set learning her new tongue near the top of her must-do list.

As a child, Apolina wanted to be a nun. Getting married took that away, then the war and her husband’s death gave her no choice but to flee the Congo for Uganda.She was 29 when she and her children entered the refugee camp. “Life wasn’t easy. I struggled. When I started running (from the war) I was with other members of my family,” she says.

In a tale that runs true with so many, they became separated. All hope of support from her family was gone. They lost sight of each other at the border.Apolina, now 36, has never heard of them again.The struggle in the camp was in finding food and again, when darkness fell, the fear of armed marauding thieves rose.

“They may come in the night. My little girl was worried when we went fetching water,” she says.“Life was hard. There was no schooling for my kids.”What she knew most was she could never go back to the Congo, because of what it had already done to her life.“My life was in danger. I was just looking to where I would feel safe.”

Those times were over quickly for her kids, coming to an endsix years ago. The oldest, Leo, puts his hand out waist high to show just how much smaller he was back then in Uganda. He smiles, yet again. They all do.

But they carry one stark memory of a not so distant reality, Mum says quietly.“The sound of the gun.”

Her boysLeo, 13, and Steven, 12,love soccer, while thegirls –Honorina, 10, and Eliza, 8 –are intobasketball. Smart, healthy kids, a bit bored by this serious stuff their mum’s talking about, but listening closely and picking up on everything said.

Mum holds her younger daughterclose, smiling and kissing her gently as she strokes her hair. Eliza drifts off to sleep whereshe sits, her head resting on the table.Apolina is grateful and no longer feels “like I’m that person I was in the Congo”.

When Yves pushes through and talks about the horrors, Apolina sinks back inher chair and bows her head. Briefly she has lost the openness and warm, engaging smile that constantly outpoints her limited English.

But talk about her new community, the life ahead, and that past floats away.

“I can see the change in the life for my children.There is no hungry. There is no sleeping without eating, nothing.No fear.”

Part two of Yves’ and Apolina’sstory will appear on The Border Mail website next weekThe Border Mail

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Photograph captures a tiger by the tale

A FASCINATION with the Tasmanian tiger has led a Hobart man to pay top dollar for a photograph of the last known thylacine in the wild.
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The original photograph, purchased by Nevin Hurst, sold at Gowan’s auctions for $9775 last Saturday.

According to an article in The Advocate dated Wednesday, May 14, 1930, the photograph depicts a man named Wilfred Batty, who shot and killed the animal after seeing it kill poultry on his farm at Mawbanna, on the North-West Coast.

HISTORICAL: The last known image of a thylacine in the wild.

The tale said the animal was “exceptionally large”, measuring five feet and six inches in length.

It said the thylacine “caused a great deal of trouble in the Mawbanna district, having wrought havoc in fowl pens, while it had also frightened several children.”

Mr Hurst said the reserve price for the photograph was set at $20 but later raised to $250.

He said he was not sure how many people he was bidding against because it was done over the phone.

“We don’t know who put the photograph into auction, except that it was a lady.”

Mr Hurst said the photograph, which measures 5cm by 10cm, was in excellent condition.

“We need to preserve what little we have, which is why the photograph is just so important.”

He said his son shares the same fascination with the creature.

“I have been buying Tasmanian tiger skins and putting them into a collection. One reason we collect is we hope to match the stripes on his back in the photograph with one of our skins.

“The photograph and skins will all go into a private collection and won’t be released until we are absolutely satisfied with it.”

He said he still holds hope that the thylacine exists.

“If there’s any tigers out there – no one is saying there isn’t – the gene pool is so small they would be inbred and without strength. They would be destined to become extinct anyway.”

The Advocate

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O’Brien reveals dark side to AFL career

THAT MOMENT: The former St Patrick’s College student pumps his fist after booting his first AFL goal during a round 22 clash against Richmond in 2012.NICK O’Brien is not unlike many of the footballers that realise their dream of playing in the AFL, only to have just a fleeting impact on the game.
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BOMBER: Nick O’Brien looks to pass during the round 19 match against the Greater Western Sydney Giants this year. Pictures: Getty Images.

O’Brien’s career at the elite level never really got going – he played just 14 senior games across four years before being delisted by the Bombers last month – but his time in the system will never be forgotten.

The Ballarat boy was front and centre during Essendon’s supplements program, which has haunted the powerhouse club for the past few years.

And while he admits to being involved in the Bombers’ injection program, O’Brien is able to press on playing the game he loveswithout the fear of sanction.

The 22-year-old, who revealed he is not one of the 34 past and presentEssendon footballers issued with an infraction notice for their part in the scandal, is gearing up for a season with SANFL clubWoodvilleWest-Torrens, which he hopes can ignite a return to the big time.

O’Brien admits to having “about five or six” injections during his time at Essendon and feels lucky to escape without aninfraction notice.

REBEL: O’Brien in action for the North Ballarat Rebels during the 2011 TAC Cup season. Later that year, O’Brien was drafted to the Bombers.

“There was one or two first-year (players)that were the same year as me that got notices, but they were certainly getting 20-30 injections that year, which is a pretty big number,” O’Brien told The Courier.

“I had a couple throughout the year. I didn’t think too much of them at the time and from the feedback I’ve received from ASADA, it was all (above)board.”

FOCUSED: O’Brien marks the ball during the Bombers’ round 17 match against Port Adelaide Power at Etihad Stadium this year.

O’Brien said he had been told by former Essendonsports scientistStephen Dank that the needles were forimmunityrather than anything sinister.

“As a young kid, you just trust what people say, I suppose. Don’t you?,” he said.

HAPPY TIMES: O’Brien celebrates his first ever AFL win after Essendon beat the Western Bulldogs in round 16 of season 2013.

O’Brien admits he thought the program was normal practice and believed his injury at thetime spared him from being fully involved in the injection process.

“As I said as a young kid, I was pretty up front in…I was pretty enthusiastic about the program we were on – unfortunately it was proven to be a little bit unorganised,” he said.

“It’s probably somethingin yearswe will look back and say it probably wasn’t the club’s best moment, but I certainly didn’t have any reservations at the time, so I can’t really look back now and say that I regret this or regret that. It’s just the way it happened at the time.

“I just thought that’s what sort of everyone was doing.

“It is what it is and I just hope that all the boys can get off in a couple of months time when they get the verdict again.”

O’Brien said it has been sad to see many of his former teammates struggle mentally with the intense pressure of the past few years.

“I think without naming names, you see people whose dream it is to play AFL like mine was and that’s all you want to do as a young kid and to see them not enjoy doing it and almost feel like a chore to rock up and train and play,I just think … that did shock me a fair bit…” he said.

“I’ve been alright, but there wasdefinitely times where I felt a little bit worn down by it all, to be honest.”

O’Brien sayshe still has a good relationship with sacked coach James Hird and stresses he will always be thankful for the opportunity given to him by the Bombers, Carngham-Linton, St Pat’s and the North Ballarat Rebels.

As for the future, he just wants the boys in red and black to enjoy some rewards for their hard work.

“It would be great to see them have success because what they have been through the last couple of years in such a public manner has been really sad to watch and sad to be apart of,” he said.

Ballarat Courier

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